A b s t r a k t
The article is a critical reconstruction of the early period of Zygmunt Haupt’s artistic life against the background of the intellectual and artistic life of Lviv in the 1930s. Lviv’s political, social, and cultural situation in the 1930s was very complicated. It was a multinational and vibrant urban center, but it was marked by probably the most serious national animosities in the Second Polish Republic. Literature and the study of literature in the city were rather conservative. In the mid-1930s, however, the intellectual and artistic life of the city began to change. Against the background of these changes, the article discusses the nature of Haupt’s early career and his connections with the literary group called Rybałci. At the same time, it attempts to answer the questions to what extent the Lviv period turned out to be formative in Haupt’s artistic life and what artistic and social significance Rybałci had for Haupt, among whom he was not a leading figure.